Oil Price Flux: Warning to Nigeria and other Oil Dependent Nations

Nigeria and other oil dependent countries could no longer rely on narrow and static paradigms of growth due to the global financial crisis and the concomitant fall in oil prices.While advocating more commitment to ICT, Nigeria’s Finance Minister of State, Remi Babalola said since 1999, the telecom industry in Nigeria has attracted more than US$12 billion worth of investment and is contributing more than 2 percent of GDP up from 0.37 percent in 1999. This, combined with a burgeoning local IT industry and a prolific film industry estimated at about US$350 million in 2009, has contributed to providing employment for more than 3.5 million Nigerians, putting the country on the global map for ICT/IT business.

The Minister nonetheless admitted that the rapid strides in expanding the telecom access in recent years are largely confined to the mobile telephony space. According to him access to landlines has deteriorated and internet access remains costly, with bandwidth severely limited.

“But, this must be reversed to move to the next stage of the ICT revolution in Nigeria, which will enhance the transformation and growth of the economy. In ICT, there are four segments – communication, hardware, software and services,” he said.
 
He made this disclosure at the second summit on Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in National Development held at the Trenchard Hall of the University of Ibadan, Oyo State .
 
The minister, in a speech titled “Transforming Poverty to Prosperity Using ICT”, emphasised that the era when natural resources dominated trade had given way to a new era in which knowledge resources are paramount.
 
Represented by his Special Assistant (Technical), Dr. Felix Ogbera, the minister said, “Our world is changing rapidly and those who are able to acquire, adapt, and utilize new ideas and innovations, regardless of who has invented them, will create tremendous wealth in the process.
 
“To achieve a quantum leap on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as well as  achieve National Vision 20:2020, Nigeria needs to move beyond stop-start development patterns of an oil-based economy to create a stable and prosperous base for a 21st century society built on a critical mass of knowledge workers.
 
He explained that the most promising sector was the service sector, specifically the absorption of ICT, in view of the short to medium term limitations in power and transport.
 
Growing the service sector, according to him, implies embracing the knowledge economy paradigm, developing education and skills, and putting in place a modern communications infrastructure.
 
He added, “Freeing up the country’s dynamic businesses to create more ICT jobs will create more opportunities for our teeming youth, and accelerate the achievement of the MDG s and Vision 20.20.20. Indeed, there is no better leverage for self employment and entrepreneurship opportunities than through the use of ICT.”
 
He assured that the achievement of most of the MDGs could be fast-tracked with increased usage of ICTs in the economy.
 
‘There is no modern economy that can thrive without an integral information technology and telecommunications infrastructure. Indeed, no nation can effectively succeed in solving her 21st century development challenges, unless the national vision and strategies are anchored on ICT.  ICTs provide the veritable platform for rapid growth of our economy, if well harnessed.
 
“The power of ICTs can be effectively harnessed through the participation and cooperation of all stakeholders in our society – government, private sector and development partners.  ICT remains an enabler that could help Nigeria and other African countries get out of the doldrums of backwardness and move faster,” he disclosed.
 
The minister cited Korea, India and the United States of America as countries that have harnessed the power of new technologies to nurture a cadre of knowledge workers that have pushed the productivity and innovation frontiers.
 
He, however, noted that some other countries which have failed to harness the power of new technologies have remained mired in poverty and deprivations.
 
“Nigeria must place importance on the need to advance the course of information and technology to fast-track the growth of the economy and achieve our vision. Indeed, there is a paradigm shift in global development agenda and Nigeria cannot pretend not to be affected by its current and emerging impact.
 
“Any nation that wishes to attain and sustain meaningful development must therefore enthrone science and technology, and in particular, ICTs,” Babalola stated.

For the full text of the paper, go to Features of the Economic Confidential

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