Why We Are Increasing Borrowing – FG
The Federal Government has said that it was increasing its borrowing in the year because of the effects of coronavirus on the nation’s revenue profile.
It also anchored the increased borrowing on unexpected spending on healthcare in a bid to contain the coronavirus pandemic.
The Director-General of the Debt Management Office, Patience Oniha, had in her presentation before the Senate Committee on Foreign and Local Debts, said the proposed new 2020 budget of N10.51tn now has a deficit of N4.56tn.
She said the deficit would be financed through domestic borrowing of N2.19tn and external borrowing of N1.98tn, amounting to N4.17tn.
According to Oniha, the increase in the new borrowing for 2020 is due to the increase in the deficit in the budget from N2.18tn to N4.58tn.
She said, “The revision of the 2020 budget became necessary due to the effects of COVID-19 on Nigeria’s revenues and the need for new (previously unbudgeted) spending on health to meet the health challenges occasioned by COVID-19.
“The subsisting 2020 Appropriation Act had a total expenditure of N10.59tn and a deficit of N2.18tn to be part-financed through new domestic borrowing of N744.98bn and new external borrowing of N850bn.
“The N850bn new external borrowing, which was to be raised through Eurobonds has been converted, with the approval of the National Assembly, to domestic borrowing due to lack of access to the international capital market at this time. Thus, the total new borrowing, which is all domestic, is N1.59tn.
“The proposed new domestic borrowing of N2.19tn will be raised from the domestic market through the issuance of Federal Government of Nigeria Bonds, FGN Savings Bonds, Sukuk, Nigerian Treasury Bills and possibly, a Green Bond. As at May 29, 2020, a total of N1.32tn had been raised. There is also an ongoing offer for Sukuk of N150bn.”
However, the Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning, Mrs Zainab Ahmed, assured that the Federal Government’s stimulus package would reduce the effects of the pandemic in the country.
She said 77 per cent of the newly proposed revenues from the various sources such as the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, the Federal Inland Revenue Service and the Nigerian Customs Service were for debt serving.